Made by Ethan Lonardelli
Editor: Whitney Lorello
Federalism vs. Anti-Federalist
There were many differences between federalists and anti-federalists and those differences affected many of the Articles in the constitution. The federalists were mostly well educated and propertied class. Most lived in settled areas along the seaboard, while the anti-federalists were often the ill-educated and illiterate, and the poorer class in society. Those differences led each group to support different positions and ideas on various issues. Some of the issues that they had different ideas about were the Great Compromise, 3/5ths Compromise, Trade Compromise, Presidency Compromise, and Ratification. Those arguments were the main parts of the Constitution, and influenced greatly by the Federalists and Anti-Federalists.

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The Federalists believed in the signing of the Constitution, and a strong central government, while the Anti-Federalists believed that the Articles of Confederation just had to be amended and not replaced and supported strong influence and power to go to the states. The Federalists thought that a strong central government was necessary to control uncooperative states. The Anti-Federalists opposed strong central government, opposed a standing army and a 10 square mile federal stronghold. They thought that a strong national government threatened state power, and the rights of the common people.

The Anti-Federalists believed that the Bill of Rights, was necessary in order to protect the rights of citizens, while the Federalists believed that the Bill of Rights was not necessary because the federal government had limited power. The Anti-Federalists thought that a small republic was needed because it was the only way that the people’s rights were going to be protected, whereas the Federalists thought that a large republic was necessary because it was the best way to protect individual freedoms.

Some things that the Federalists and Anti-Federalists did not agree on were outside of government, and they were more morale issues. Federalists thought thtmen of experience and talent should govern the nation. "Mobocracy" threatened the security of life and property, therefore the rich and the educated should rule the country. The Anti-Federalists thought that the Constitution favored wealthy men and preserved their power, and suspected a sinister plot to suppress liberty of the masses. The Anti-Federalists were strongly opposed to omitting any reference to God, where the Federalists were more sympathetic to separation of church and state.



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VOCAB WORDS
Federalists- a member of a major political party in the early years of the United States favoring a strong centralized national government.

Anti-Federalists- a person who opposed the adoption of the United States Constitution.
Illiterate- unable to read or write.
Amend- to alter, modify, rephrase, or add to or subtract from (amotion, bill, constitution, etc.)
Stronghold- a place that serves as the center of a group.
Republic- a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them.
Mobocracy- the mob (the common people; the masses; populace or multitude) as a ruling class.
Sinister- threatening or portending evil, harm, or trouble; ominous.
Suppress- to put an end to the activities of.
Omitting- to leave out; fail to include or mention.

Section review
1.What laws and regulations could be passed by the central government if the bill of rights had not been established by the anti-federalists
2.How has the omitting of religious tendencies and sayings increased from the time of the ratification to present day?
3.Determine which policies would be considered federalist or anti-federalist
a. An executive branch
b. Electoral vote
c. Articles of Confederation
d. State militias
e. Federal taxation
f. Freedom of speech
4. What advantages did federalist as a whole have over anti-federalist?

Two links to articles that to Federalism vs. Anti-Federalism
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/09/us/politics/gop-anti-federalism-aims-at-education.html?pagewanted=all&_moc.semityn.www
http://www.forumfed.org/en/federalism/federalismtoday.php


Works Cited
Gabriel, Trip. "NEWS ANALYSIS; G.O.P. Anti-Federalism Aims at Education." The New York Times. The New York Times, 09 Oct. 2011. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/09/us/politics/gop-anti-federalism-aims-at-education.html?pagewanted=all>.


"Federalist & Antifederalist Positions." N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://faculty.polytechnic.org/gfeldmeth/chart.fed.pdf>.

DeLorenzo, Joshua. "[RegentsPrep U.S. History] Government: Constitutional Convention." [RegentsPrep U.S. History] Government: Constitutional Convention. New York State High School Regents Exam Prep Center, 2000. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://regentsprep.org/regents/ushisgov/themes/government/convention.htm>.

"ANTIFEDERALISTS VS FEDERALISTS." N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://staff.gps.edu/mines/APUSH%20-antifederalists_vs_federalists.htm>.

Watts, Ronald L. "Forum of Federations - Federalism." Forum of Federations - Federalism. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://www.forumfed.org/en/federalism/federalismtoday.php>.